Ridylls of the King
Short, skirmishers Javelin used by the Legio IX
The verutum, plural veruta (Latin: spit), is a short javelin used in the Roman army. This javelin is used by the velites for skirmishing purposes, unlike the heavier pilum, which is used by the hastati and principes for softening the enemy before advancing into close combat.
The verutum’s shaft is about 1.1 meters long, much shorter than the pilum (2 meters), and its point measured about 13 centimeters long. The verutum has either an iron shank like the pilum or a tapering metal head.